April has been a busy month! I’ve been putting in a lot of hours bringing the game back to demo level with the new graphics and the new code spurred on by some good pressure due to awesome interview with Fists of Heaven and a video chat with ThatCooperFellow. In retrospect, the whole year has been rather busy if I think back on it…. here are some things I’ve been up to…
Lasers, missiles, explosions!
Since last year, I’ve:
rewritten a lot of the ship components – making the engines and maneuvering more realistic and customizable to work on all different ships,
made more complex AI with goal setting and steering,
implemented some moving origin capabilities to make the battlefields more expansive and allow for some seamless travel – still WIP,
created the beginnings of a procedural galaxy generator that builds different galaxies and nebula and plots planet locations as well as assigning star types, planet types-based on distance from the star etc- and other details,
created some new nebula types that can be randomized and colorized for more variation
created and found some procedural substance textures for planets that work with Unity5 lighting and can be randomized for variation through the galaxy generator
built a few new HDR space skyboxes
made new cap ship models that should lend themselves to part swapping to make more type variations (more to come),
new beam weapons and missiles,
more complex turret AI that takes orders from its main ship AI to focus fire, target certain types or even fire at any targets of opportunity,
more complex explosions that have multiple stages for bigger ships (still wip but already looking pretty cool)
implemented a new radar and target tracking system connected it to the AI
targeting now seamless allows for targeting whole ships or component pieces
targeting all based on factions and classes instead of unity tags – more complex relationships and more advanced decision making for AI
there is a new mission / battle editor that I worked on over the summer too – something I need to start revisiting soon.
Here is a recent video of some of the dogfighting action (hoping to get a cap ship video up soon too!)
Welcome to the first in hopefully a series on making a space game. For some time I’ve been thinking of creating blog posts and videos about how I am creating Space Warfare: Infinite and creating a resource for other aspiring developers. I’ve been messing around with programming games since I was 11, but I am completely self taught so I never feel like an expert enough to really tell people how to do stuff in this world. However, I do lots of research and have been collecting lots of resources. So while I might post some vids / tuts on how I did things, I also want to share some places I found helpful. Below are a number of videos on how to model sci-fi scenes, space ships, and other related things. I am storing them here for myself and my own work as well as for you!
Blocking out – Design Videos – Not Blender Specific
The video above does not use Blender, but watching how he designs and his commentary is really cool for your process. No matter what software is used or what language, you can always learn from people who know what they are doing and then try to apply that learning to your own world. So don’t only look at Blender or Unity tutorials when you can apply overall concepts.
All week – during my snow days! – I have been working on procedurally generating the galaxy for Space Warfare – Infinite. I have been researching a lot on the old Elite as well as my Traveler RPG core rule book to help inspire me through it. I’m also using some complicated math to generate the galaxy shape. Essentially the galaxy generates and determines what sort of stars are Red, White, Yellow or Blue as well as their sizes. Then it determines how many planets they have. When you investigate an individual star system, the game runs some code to figure out what planets are their and what their characteristics are.
Here I’ve got the stars being generate and each star is a star system with a number of generated planets. The big grid sphere is my work on picking areas for various factions to control so in the one pick there is a blue faction and a yellow faction. The control spreads just out of the sphere to directly linked systems. The control zone is within a certain radius of the home star. Faction areas will name their systems with their own naming conventions – either different influences for human factions or alien languages for those factions. Also from here I can catalog the resources from each planet and determine the strength of the factions to give them bases and fleets etc. Taking over a new system would mean adding to that strength later in the game.
On the top left you can see my simple read out of planet info for the selected star. It’s not super formatted for the players yet. I just wanted to get the info out so I could see what was happening.
I still have to work on nebula regions and adding more detail to the star systems like asteroid fields and things. Once those are in, the galaxy generator will be hooked up to the actual game engine and generate the star system the player is in on the fly. Then players will be able to FTL jump to other systems as well. Below is a shot of the Galaxy map projected on the UI so the player can pick a place to jump to.
I’ve spent most of my time lately reworking the way the game builds the galaxy, solar systems and local regions where the combat takes place. Just about got floating origin working so that the game can support battles over a solar system without having to jump between points of interest in separate zones. Also worked it out so planets and other big objects can be approached and not be background. Space stations or entire fleets could be on the other side of a big object and the system will handle switching everything from 3d skybox to real stuff to interact with. Also I am messing around with some art like this space station mock up. Its not a final piece, just something I through together to see wh
at it looks like in game.
Great productive game jam weekend! I really enjoyed making and playing Laser Star. The theme was ‘arcade’ and I think I captured that! It has a lot of challenge and style for something made over the course of three days (while still managing to hang with friends most of Friday night, and most of the day on Saturday.)
Premise: Galaga vs. Voxel Art Games vs. Infinite Runner
An homage to Galaga with style that reflects some of today’s games. Obviously the graphics are made using the same tools as Crossy Road and its millions of copycats. The perspective of the game was shifted to an above and behind the ship which gives it an infinite runner feel. The alien patterns are inspired by Galaga, but I never did get to creating a large block formation where the enemy can be hit easier…
The game is infinite as far as I can tell, I set it up to continue indefinitely and increase in speed for later iterations. Stage types will cycle as the speed increases.
There are about 7 stages with different make ups of enemies. There is an asteroid stage as well.
There are a number of enemies with unique patterns and abilities.
There are power ups which increase your lasers.
There are extra life bonuses for high score milestones up to 1,000,000 points.
I’ve been hacking away at a less fun and visually unimpressive part of the game idea for Space Warfare: Infinite — the Editor. The mission editor will hopefully be one thing to help set the game apart. As a gamer, the one thing I’ve always loved is being able to create my own game maps and play them. I made my own text adventures, had 3D Studio, I made stuff with the DEU – Doom Editing Utility, tried my hand making Unreal Tournament levels, made my own Starcraft maps. My hope is that this will be a feature that will attract an audience. I call it a Mission Editor, but the scope is going to be more than that. When its complete the player or me (I plan on using this to build the entire campaign mode of the game….) will be able to create simple battles, missions with objectives that range from patrol and fight pirates to a scripted battle between two giant fleets complete with dialogue and cutscenes.
Features I am currently coding:
Place ships, stations and other objects on a 3D map.
Select a setting including naming the sector, adding planets, nebula/other background art, asteroids. Setting space dust/nebular clouds.
Place nav points and waypoints.
Trigger and Event Scripting – Trigger events like spawning new ships, winning a mission when ships are destroyed / navpoints reached, displaying a comm message etc.
Mission set up – Briefings, objectives, Debriefing, Success / Failure
Camera control for cinematic cut scenes
Campaign Editor – Connect missions together into a full game sequence – with ability to connect missions based on success / failure or other triggers
Currently, I have the XML backend working pretty well. You can move around the 3D map, place and manipulate ships. I have mission set up in and saving to a file. I have extendable menus for objects to place on the map as well as extendable lists of events and triggers. I am in the process of solidifying the events and triggers stuff and getting it to save to the XML. After that I am gonna jump back into the engine and make sure it plays nice and decodes some sample missions. I also have a mock up of the setting editor…
Planned / Stretch Features:
Ship yard editor – Customize, edit existing ships or other objects. Change default load-outs etc. Build new ships from component parts and add them to the game for user-created campaigns. (Customizing ship data will be available in xml no matter what… ). Something like this will be useful for my own dev so I might make something like this part of the initial tool set. At least to set up different specialized ships so I don’t have to dig through XML files.
Unity is tough to mod for. I am looking at way to import user generated models for ships etc, but at the moment the moment it’s looking complicated. I have some ideas, but I can’t focus on it just now. On the flip side, modeling component based ships is already happening so adding a build-your-own based on my already modeled ship pieces might be simpler. I might even add some Star Trek / Star Wars -inspired hull styles etc, so that players can design their own styles.
System Map Editor – Like the campaign editor but missions would stand in as maps, they would be connected by triggers like reaching a nav point in a warp to bring you to the connected map.
Over the last few weeks I’ve been trying to limit my programming time to focus on 3D modeling. I find switching between Unity and Blender to be difficult, so just working on making stuff in Blender has helped my productivity in creating new art assets for the game.
Sketching and modeling in Blender.
I have a list of space ships that need to be made and I’ve been working through it. I am almost ‘done’ one faction’s main ships. I still need to model a new fighter–and I might do a 3D cockpit while I am at it. Keep in mind nothing is really done. Everything is WIP. I’ve haven’t quite gotten my skills yet for painting textures and generating bump maps so there is still more work to be done. Also, as time goes on, these early models might need to be redone if I get better.
A new battlecruiser – 1 kilometer of destruction.
Above is the battlecruiser. Its basically the battleship class of the space fleet. For some reason I can’t use battleship. The ISC ships are going to be more boxy like current military ships and tanks. The other faction will have more sloped / angular plates on their ships.
Huge carrier ship capable of launching fighters and corvettes from those two bays in the front.
This is the carrier ship. It will have some point defense turrets on it, but other than that it will rely on its fleet and fighter squadrons to defend it. The carrier is also big enough to launch corvettes which will be used as anti-fighter type ships.
The corvette. A ‘small’ ship.
The corvette is the latest model I’ve made. Its meant to take on small missions and has weapons geared more towards fighter management or hit and runs on capital ships. The ship is fast but would probably get eaten up if it tried to go head to head with ships of the line.
The Destroyer-class. This ship is 500m long. Its got around 8 turrets mean for engaging other cap ships and point defense. It has a deck mounted rail gun and an internal beam weapon.
The Destroyer will be the workhorse of the fleet. The cruiser is a force to be reckoned with but these destroyers will pack a punch. A couple destroyers can take out a cruiser pretty fast.
Very early space station.
After these, I plan to remake the fighter and then start on the enemy faction. I also have dreadnoughts on my list as well. They’d probably be 2km. Additionally, I started messing with Space Stations.
Here is a video where I talk about the ships and compare their sizes…
I created a game for the Mini Ludum Dare Compo… it’s called ArkaVaders. The theme of the game jam was Pong/Arkanoid type games. So I thought I’d add a Space spin to it and add Space Invaders to the mix. Here is a link to ArkaVaders… It might not work in Chrome… I am not sure if there has been a change again in the support of the Unity Plugin. I couldn’t get the WebGL version to work either. The game is ‘almost’ finished but could use some polish obviously.
This last week I’ve been polishing up the current build and sending it out to some testers to try it out. Also, on Tuesday I will be on the Space Game Junkie Podcast at about 10PM EST. Check it out! I’ve been a fan of the show and have really used them as a resource for inspiration and ideas.
Some of the major additions have been getting the Battle Editor up and running and adding an Instant Action mode which currently house some missions as well as a place to load player created battles. The game will also eventually include Dynamic Campaigns with a story line of the unfolding war as well as branching mission paths depending on the completion/failure of objectives.
After that I’m going to work on a Free Play mode where the player can visit the many star systems of the game to trade, take missions, fight and explore. I am hoping to figure out a way for the Battle Editor to add content to all three game modes – Players should be able to build their own campaigns and scripted missions, as well as make Instant Action battles and build missions / locations for the Free Play mode.
I recorded a video of playing the Capital Ship battle in Instant Action as well as a patrol mission.
Beyond the menu system, the battle editor saving and loading systems, and a lot of testing, I also added some other features. juskelis – maker of Starfire – offered to do a little alpha testing and had me make some tweaks to the roll of the ship as well offer the ability to invert the mouse. I also added warning messages for when power is low, armor is critical and when you take hull damage. I think it helps give the player some awareness about how much trouble they are in. Someday the console in the cockpit will spark etc.
Another thing I tweaked – the player can now swap through all the ships in their fleet and control them. Before it was designated ones, but after all the refactoring, the switching ships works for anything now. It could also work for turrets, but I disabled that for now as I don’t have a control interface for turrets yet-they are run by AI. I want to add more control eventually since it’ll be more fun to have it when flying the cap ships.
As for next steps, I guess I’d like to hear what Space Game Junkies think I should add and just keep plugging away. The power management system is still just a fraction complete – I want to add reactor components to ships and hook up the energy draws to them to balance ships. Then I want to create a custom load out screen so the player can select their weaponry. Particularly for the Instant missions as well as to be used on some campaign missions. After that, I really want to add a Frigate, Corvette and Battleship to the ship list. I have some ideas for some sick battles. I want to work in formations for all ship types as well. Currently ships don’t play nice when you have them form up. So I want to work on that. Oh and add more AI stuff since thats not complete yet either – maneuvers are their, but currently enemies just pick from them randomly. I want them to make some interesting choices.
It’s been a long week with lots of snow days to work on Space Warfare: Infinite. While I added some features, I have been spending a lot of time on optimizing and finding bugs.
Porting to Unity 5 – set-backs, opportunities
I converted my game over to Unity 5 only to find after many hours of fixing all my prefab connections and UI stuff as well as as many Red and Yellow warnings in the console that I could, that Unity 5 would not compile my game to stand-alone or when it did the game would be a black screen, a black screen with music or a the actual scene at 1 frame per second. Not good. I ended up starting a new Unity 5 project from scratch and began exporting component packages of my game as well as just importing assets one at a time. I figured as I developed I had lots of random scripts and tries at things that might be mucking up the code. Additionally I had a bunch of 3rd party stuff that I wasn’t using anymore or have pieces of but don’t need the whole thing. I left all that extra stuff behind. When I was done – although I am still bring in some non-essential or unfinished stuff – everything compiled and worked!! It was a bit of a wasted 8 hours, but I took the time to organize my code, make folders for everything, clean up the scene. In the end the project is more user friendly and easier to work with than before.
Here is a gameplay video of the latest build in action:
Start Menu and Unity 5 Tutorial
I made a new start menu! I put in place holder buttons and filled them with names for my aspirational game modes. Some day when all the buttons actually work, the game will be somewhere close to donish. I suppose there will be more to this menu and I need to build the sub menues like Options etc. Currently they take you to my test missions. I guess they are a kinda instant action more than a coherent campaign. The Instant Action button will someday take you to a menu of instant battle scenarios to select from as well as any user generated battles that were flagged as instant. The Campaign menu will have the list of selectable campaigns as well as the load and save functions.
This one has tooltips to explain the different modes and options when you hover over a button! If you can figure out a non-invasive way to explain stuff, I am all for it. I want people to be able to just play my game. (He says as he joins the time honored tradition of using every key on the keyboard). And generally you can just jump in with a 3 button mouse and WASD controls you can fly the ship and shoot at things. However, the game can also be pretty complicated as I add more and more systems. I want the player to be able to control all the things.
I also made a video on how I did the tooltips for other Unity 5 game devs out there. Now that Unity 5 is super free, perhaps I should my more of this videos for my students and other folks.
Object Pooling for Projectiles
Was this a problem I had to fix? Who knows! Mike Geig told me in a video that it could increase my frames per second by 10! Why not give it a whirl. Also I know that instantiating something big sometimes stutters a computer and I don’t want that to happen. I’m working in more loading screens. There is now a loading screen for the beginning of a mission, but it loads so fast you don’t see it. But, you might soon as I want to instantiate all the missions ships at the very beginning during the loading phase rather than one at a time. Once I set that up, the ship initialization can be have – plus they build their object pools at the same time. So I need to do all this on the front behind the load screen – can’t have things pausing in the middle of the action so another ship can warp in.
The battle editor is one of the main things I want to set my game apart from others. A major inspiration for what I am trying to accomplish in Space Warfare: Infinite is Gratuitous Space Battles. I love the giant fleet battles and wonder what its like to be that little fighter in the midst of it (or the capital ship commander for that matter). I also share Cliffsky’s love of explosions. Building a simple drag and drop battle editor toy box is a huge part of making this dream a reality. I want the game to basically be modible from the start. Growing up my favorite thing about some games was being able to build my own maps and missions. Before we had stuff like the Unity and Unreal engines, and you had to read the 2000 page Tricks of the Windows Game Programming Gurus and wade through pages of DirectX code to make a game, having a map editor or an easy modding tool was the best. I loved making Doom levels of my own. I loved building Starcraft maps to play–especially filling the map with tanks and bunkers lined up against each other. I had a great time making 3D studio worlds.
Anyway, now kids have Minecraft (and make whatever they want all the time) and the first question people ask you about any game you are making is: is it sandbox based and will there be crafting? The short answer is – yes you will get to fly to an asteroid, don your space suit and your intergalactic pick axe and mine cubes of ore to forge it with your bare hands into an Ion Cannon–all while being shot at by a heavy cruise with a rail gun aimed right at your flying refrigerator ship. Wait, no. The short answer is no. At least I think so. I plan to have miners in my game. But they will mainly be there to get blown up by pirates. You can just have the Ion cannon. At the same time… I am building tool so that a player can add an item/ship/projectile/weapon to the game with a unique name, look and functionality. You just craft it in the Battle Editor and add it to your custom Campaign, mission, scenario, free play rather than in game while wearing your space suit.
Currently the editor is not much to look at. You can select ships and drop them in the sector. Currently everything will be on the same plane –in game things fly in all directions though. The sector distance I settled on is 50 kilometers in every direct from center. I think this is ok based on floating point limitations (which is the data type used in the position vectors). From what I understand you can have 7 digits of accuracy using floating points. Since each unity is a meter I can get down to a 100th of a meter-known to the rest of the world as a centimeter. I guess I could go from 50000.00 to 99999.99 but 50k in game already seems pretty large for a battlefield and I want room on the edges so that if combat takes place at the 50km mark there is lots of room around it before float point errors occur. I can only see this happening with an AI going haywire and running in a straight line out into the distance and a very determined player with a lot of time on their hands chasing them.
The editor will eventually have the ability to add scripted events like Comm messages, ships jumping in at certain times, check points, objectives to complete or fail.
Additionally, I envision that when you select to create a new battle you will be taken to a map of the universe first, allowing you to chose a system and then a sector of the system to use as the battlefield. At some point, when I player creates a new campaign, they will be able to generate a randomized universe or map out a custom one and then use that to build their battles. Each battle will be linked by a campaign editor which will be able to take into account objectives met/failed and choose branching paths.
In the near future, I want to get the basic place ships functions really working so you can save it and load different battle configurations in instant action. After that we will add controls over the more advanced events and objectives. Having a functional battle editing toy and a few default instant action missions will basically mean some sort of demo will be ready to send out to my pre-alpha testers.
Bug of Doom!
So I compiled my stand alone after rebuilding my entire project, everything awesome! Bugs destroyed. Let’s play this game… Game began crashing the moment a certain ship warps in on the 3rd play through only. I only noticed it after I built a stand-alone. My nightmares had returned. It was an insane bug. You could play a whole mission, no crash. You could restart on the start menu and play again. Nothing. But restart and play that third time and about 5 seconds in the screen freezes. Nooooo! I figured I was never going to get to build a stand-alone game in Unity 5. I spent an entire day debugging and finally pinned it down to using a static class for pilot names. I guess it creates a memory error after being reloaded (I believe statics stay in memory after a scene reloads). Since the game crashed, I could only watch my Unity Console up to the moment of the crash and if I was playing I couldn’t see it at all. I relied on the system console to read the debug.logs. I basically added debug.logs before and after every function call in the AI initialization until it became clear. I know Statics can be bad, but man, my game crashed because I wrote a dumb class to give my fighter pilots funny names.
On the plus side, before I figured all that out, I added garbage collection, making sure Invokes and Coroutines were stopped when the game reset. I tried to make the audio better. I began working on the object pooling. Lots of good coding practice came out of this nightmare. Sometimes you have to be tenacious as a programmer.
Cool new music – and a music player that chooses a random track so I (and you) don’t hear the same song over and over again for the last year…oh wait that was before I added this feature. The music is techno western-ish, need more. If you read this and make electronic music for games and can make electronic/western music or just music that won’t clash too much with that and be good for epic space warfare and won’t charge me lots of money….send me a twitter msg. Brown Coats forever.
New yellow Power bar – gives you available power, all guns use a small amount, beams use a ton, engine thrusts have the green thrust reserve bar but can dip into the power after its gone. (or is this a huge thing?)
Bleep sound when a comm message appears or changes so you remember to look up and read the story
Made some fighter based lasers -will be continuous and pulse versions
Made the J.I.M. anti-missile turret for fighters (still need to import to the newest build though)
Added some anti-cap ship torpedoes – limited guidance, big punch if landed
The player now flies my fighter model for better or worse